What we know about the nearly 800,000 undocumented immigrants protected by DACA
Attorney General Jeff Sessions is set to make a speech today on the fate of the Obama-era Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, known as DACA, which defers deportation for undocumented immigrants who came to the country illegally as children.
Politico, citing sources familiar with Trump’s thinking, reported Sunday night that President Trump had decided to end the so-called Dreamers program with a six-month delay for Congress to act.
DACA gave unauthorized immigrants who came to the U.S. before age 16 a reprieve from deportation and permission to study or work here provided they meet the program’s requirements, which include being enrolled in school and not having a serious criminal conviction.
Here’s a look at who makes up the 799,077 immigrants currently protected under the program:
Where they live and where they came from
Nearly half — over 355,000 — of the people currently protected under the program live in California, New York and Texas, but populations reside in all 50 states and several U.S. territories. Their numbers range from over 200,000 in California to 162 in Montana, according to the most recent statistics from U.S. Customs and Immigration Services (USCIS).
More than three-quarters of applicants who meet the program’s criteria — currently over 600,000 — came to the U.S. from Mexico, but DACA also applies to over 10,000 residents from South Korea, over 5,000 from the Philippines, some 3,800 from India and over 1,800 from Poland.
How old they were when they came to the U.S.
To qualify for DACA, applicants must have been under 31 years of age when the policy went into effect in 2012, must have lived in the United States continuously since June 15, 2007, and must have come to the country before turning 16.
A 2013 Brookings Institution study of initial DACA applicants found that some two-thirds had come to the U.S. at the age of 10 or younger and 36 percent were under 6.
More than three-quarters were 23 years old or younger when applying to the program and more than one-third were still under 18, according to the 2013 Brookings study.
How they participate in the US economy
A study by the Migration Policy Institute, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank, found that a larger share of the DACA-eligible U.S. population was employed and participating in the labor force than the general population — 83 percent versus 79 percent.
The study, which looks at data from 2014, also found that 24 percent of DACA-eligible workers were also attending college, a slightly larger share than the 20 percent of the general population in the same age group both studying and working.
Close to one-third of DACA-eligible residents was enrolled in college or had completed some college, compared to 37 percent for the general population, the study found.