Venezuela’s president has declared a sweeping victory in a vote that much of the world — and many of his own citizens — have called an assault on human rights and democracy.
Opposition members are calling for a massive protest Monday after Sunday’s election, which allowed President Nicolás Maduro to replace the current legislative body, the National Assembly, with a new, 545-member Constituent Assembly — all nominated by his administration.
The new, pro-Maduro assembly will have the power to rewrite Venezuela’s constitution.
“We have a Constituent Assembly. I said, come hell or high water– and hell and high water came — and the Constituent Assembly arrived from the hand of the people, from its conscience,” Maduro said.
Maduro argued that the Constituent Assembly will help bring peace to a polarized country, with all branches of the government falling under the political movement founded by his late mentor and predecessor, Hugo Chavez.
But the opposition boycotted the election, calling it fraudulent — and saying the Constituent Assembly will erode democracy.
The US State Department said the elections were “designed to replace the legitimately elected National Assembly and undermine the Venezuelan people’s right to self-determination.”
“We will continue to take strong and swift actions against the architects of authoritarianism in Venezuela, including those who participate in the National Constituent Assembly as a result of today’s flawed election,” the Sunday statement said.
Venezuela’s National Electoral Council said more than 8 million people, about 41.53% of registered voters, cast ballots Sunday. That marked “the biggest turnout that the Bolivarian Revolution has had in its entire 18-year history,” Maduro claimed.
But National Assembly President Julio Borges tweeted that the claim of 8 million voters was almost triple the actual turnout and marked “the biggest electoral fraud in our history.”
The National Electoral Council hasn’t announced the formal results, but since the opposition boycotted the election and didn’t put up any candidates of its own, a victory for Maduro’s side is guaranteed.
On top of that, first lady Cilia Flores and pro-Maduro former Foreign Minister Delcy Rodriguez both received enough votes to become members of the Constituent Assembly.
Key opposition figure and Miranda state Gov. Henrique Capriles said voter participation Sunday was less than 15%. He claimed voter turnout was three times higher two weeks ago for an opposition-led, non-binding referendum against Maduro’s proposed Constituent Assembly.
On July 16, more than 7 million Venezuelans cast ballots in an unofficial vote against Maduro’s Constituent Assembly. Maduro ignored the results of the vote.
Young Venezuelans have taken to the streets for months to protest the vote, known locally as “la constituyente,” or the constituent. The Venezuelan National Guard and protesters clash nearly every day.
Maduro’s opponents control the National Assembly, holding 112 of the body’s 167 seats. The opposition has been battling with him for political power since they won a majority of seats in December 2015.
But before the winners of those elections took office, Maduro stacked the country’s Supreme Court with loyalists to prevent his own impeachment.
Speaking after Sunday’s controversial election, Maduro claimed that the opposition turned down an offer from his government to postpone the vote.
Two weeks ago, representatives of his government offered the opposition the chance to put up candidates for the Constituent Assembly election and to postpone the vote for 15 days, Maduro said. But the opposition refused Maduro’s offer, calling the vote illegitimate, the President said.
More violence feared
The country braced for more protests Monday as the political crisis has led to more than 125 deaths since April.
On Sunday alone, 10 people were killed — including two teenagers. The attorney general’s office said a National Guard officer was also killed.
As dozens of police officers on motorcycles rode through a Caracas neighborhood, a large explosion went off. Agence France-Presse video captured footage of the two officers, each with a leg on fire.
What’s next for Venezuela?
Many world leaders say the vote erased any last traces of democracy in Venezuela.
One Maduro’s top administration officials, Diosdado Cabello, said the Constituent Assembly would establish a “truth commission” to prosecute political opponents.
Police tactics could intensify, too. On Sunday, police motorcycle brigades fired tear gas, and video surfaced showing law enforcement beating up an unarmed man.
Then there’s the economic fallout. The US already sanctioned 13 Venezuelan leaders connected to Maduro last week, and the Trump administration is threatening sanctions against Venezuela’s oil industry.
While the sanctions could ultimately worsen the county’s food shortages, some protesters say it’s a risk they’re willing to take, since it might drive more Venezuelans to try to push out their government.
“The sanctions that will come from the United States — I’m not looking forward to them because that afflicts us as people,” said a 33-year old protester who identified himself only as Victor.
“But I want it because I know it can create enough pressure on the government.”
International condemnation … and praise
After the US’ sanctions on Venezuelan officials, Mexico, Colombia and Panama followed with their own sanctions against the same people. Brazil, Canada and Guatemala denounced the vote. And the Organization of American States deems the vote illegal.
But Nicaragua came to Venezuela’s defense, praising it for the “historic day for the brave people.”
Bolivia, too, defied international claims that the election was a sham. Its foreign ministry called for the world “to respect the democratic process taking place in Venezuela, in which only the citizens of this country can define their future in the Constituent Assembly.”